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Top 10 Poorest Countries in Asia 2023 List

Kyrgyzstan is classified as a developing country, and its economy is in a state of transition. It heavily relies on deposits of gold, coal, and uranium for its economic activities. In 2021, the country’s GDP per capita came in at $2,126, making it one of the poorest countries in Asia.

Additionally, smaller nations with vast natural resource reserves, primarily oil and gas, have achieved significant wealth. According to the World Bank’s annual reports, many Asian nations have made significant economic strides, transforming their societies and economies. With countries like China and India boasting populations of about 2.8 billion combined, it’s no surprise that Asia is responsible for 30% of the world’s income, 40% of production, and over a third of global trade. Over the past 50 years, many Asian nations have made significant economic strides, transforming their societies and economies. For the regions with sufficient population coverage, the 2018 estimates are updated and new poverty estimates for 2019 are added.

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is set to further boost trade and infrastructure development. Home to the world’s second-largest proven oil reserves, the Kingdom has been a major player in the global energy market. According to an article by OPEC, while oil has been the backbone of Saudi Arabia’s economy, the nation is embarking on an ambitious plan, Vision 2030, to diversify its economy. Asia continues to be the continent most responsible for declines in global poverty, thanks to its recent immense economic growth and social transformation, according to a new report. The latter is due to revisions to the household welfare measure used for poverty monitoring in some countries in the region, e.g., Mexico and Brazil (see section 5 in this document for country-specific documentation). The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty.

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In the last decade, nearly half lived in extreme poverty, which continues to manifest in high mortality rates, endemic malaria, and lack of services, sanitation, and safe water access. The over 30 million citizens of the former Portuguese colony receive 3.5 years of mean education. Despite plenty of arable lands, mineral resources, energy, and water access, large sections of the population live in poverty.

South Korea is home to some of the world’s leading tech giants, including Samsung, LG, and Hyundai. The nation’s emphasis on education and innovation has positioned it as a global leader in various sectors, from electronics to automobile manufacturing. While oil has been the backbone of Saudi Arabia’s economy, the nation is embarking on an ambitious plan, Vision 2030, to diversify its economy. From tourism to entertainment, Saudi Arabia is opening up new avenues for growth. Brunei, located on the island of Borneo, is one of the world’s smallest countries, but its wealth is evident.

  • As of 2023, a staggering 95 percent of residents do not get enough food to eat.
  • Yet people countries like Burundi, South Sudan and the Central African Republic continue to live in desperate poverty.
  • A generation that lived for others However, in 1964, less than 20 years after its defeat, Japan hosted the Tokyo Olympics and invited countries from around the world.

With the new data, the estimate of the global $1.90 headcount ratio increases very slightly, from 9.2% to 9.3%, and the number of poor increases from 689 million to 696 million people. Pakistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is situated in South Asia. It is considered a middle power nation, possessing nuclear weapons and belonging to the category of emerging and growth-leading economies. Throughout its history since gaining independence in 1947, Pakistan has witnessed periods of notable economic and military advancement, as well as periods marked by political and economic instability. The country still grapples with challenges such as poverty, illiteracy, corruption, and terrorism.

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To gain a more comprehensive understanding of poverty in a country, it is essential to consider multiple indicators and measures. These findings illustrate the vast contrasts in wealth between Asian countries. Such regional disparities underscore the need for targeted policy measures and international support to uplift those facing the harshest economic conditions and to facilitate sustainable development in these nations. Its growing public debt has reached 54.1% of GDP, making it the 85th country in the world with the highest debt. Aside from its landlocked location and limited infrastructure, the economy was also weakened by the 2015 earthquake, which caused catastrophic infrastructural damage. Despite recent economic achievements, the country continues to struggle with poverty, and the government has done little to build the necessary infrastructure required to lift millions of its people out of impoverishment.


Overall, its GDP comes from 54.8% services, 28.2% industry, and 16.7% agriculture. Of the total population of 10,909,567, 19.1% are unemployed and 15.7% are below the poverty line. Out of the total population of 39,650,145, 16% are unemployed and 23% are below the poverty line. Of the total population, approximately 3% are unemployed and 20% below the poverty line. While Nepal relies on agriculture for 27% of GDP, industry for 13.5%, and services for 59.5%, its economy heavily depends on remittances, which amount to 30% of GDP.

This update also revises poverty estimates for 2018 for those regions with sufficient population coverage and adds estimates for 2019 wherever possible (see the figure below). In contrast, spurred by the conflicts in Yemen and Syria, the Middle East and North Africa region has seen a sharp reversal, with the poverty rate increasing from around 2.1% in 2013 to 4.3% in 2015 and 7% in 2018. In Latin America, poverty has largely stagnated, remaining at around 3.7% between 2015 and 2019. Estimates for Sub-Saharan Africa show that while the poverty rate continues to decrease, the number of poor increased by 18 million people between 2015 and 2018, continuing a trend documented in recent analysis. Most of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa live in the East Africa region, which is home to 60% of the Sub-Saharan African population and almost two-thirds of the region’s poor.

Top 20 Richest Asian Countries by GDP per Capita (PPP) in 2023:

Despite having the fifth-largest economy globally in terms of GDP, about 21% of India’s population (269 million people) lives below the poverty line. Causes for poverty in India include illiteracy, gender discrimination, unequal distribution of wealth, and the country’s ever-increasing population. Everything was gone.Tokyo was a burnt-out ruin, and air raids had destroyed entirely the urban areas.When they returned to their parents’ house, they found it burned.

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Malawi is vulnerable to extreme weather occurrences and inconsistent rain-fed agriculture. Food scarcity worsens due to the war in Ukraine that shocked commodity prices, rocketed interest rates, and inflation. Islamic insurgent groups have hit the gas-rich northern parts since 2017, killing some 4,000 people, and displacing 800,000.

The labor force in the country averages 4.939 million, of which 48.9% are in services, 37% in agriculture, and 14.3% in industry. Azerbaijan is a country located in southwestern Asia and eastern Europe with a total population of 10,282,283. The country has a GDP growth rate of 7.4% and a public debt of 106.3%, the 12th highest in the world. The economy has a public debt of 58.5% of GDP while fulfilling its target GDP growth rate of 6.8%. The country is facing numerous economic challenges including unemployment and underemployment, public debt, and refugee crisis as a result of Syria’s ongoing civil violence. Due to the country’s lack of natural resources, the economy heavily depends on foreign aid and imported energy.

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It was the prime of one’s working life.They were the ones who rebuilt Japan after the war. Kyrgyzstan, also known as the Kyrgyz Republic, is a landlocked nation located in Central Asia. Throughout its history, the country has faced persistent challenges such as ethnic conflicts, uprisings, economic difficulties, transitional governments, and political disputes.

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